Self-concept

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Self-concept, is something that not many of us probably think a lot about. Self-concept is the opinions and ideas we make on ourselves from the beliefs we hold about ourselves and the responses of others. We all just know when we feel good about ourselves and, coincidentally, when we feel bad. But when does self-concept start?

Many Psychologists over time have tried to solve this simple question with a simple test. The mirror test. Infants raging between 6 and 24 months are replaced in front of a mirror and the reactions are recorded. The amount of times that this experiment has been conducted, we do not know but judging by the fact that this is one experiment that has concrete answers (or so they think), I would say a good few times!

According to this test, between the ages of 6 to 12 months, the infant will see the reflection of themselves as another baby and will want to be friendly them. Sometimes, between 13 and 24 months, the infant will become withdrawn from the reflection and will not like seeing the reflection. this could either be the first signs of self concept emerging or this could be a bad reaction to seeing another child. However, psychologists are sure of is that the child does not fully recognise that it is themselves until the ages of between 20 to 24 months.

But is this really when self-concept begins? Is this really when we recognise ourselves? Or does it change between each individual? These are questions that a lot of people have asked in the past and these questions will probably be asked far into the future for, at the end of the day, infants can’t talk so can’t say when they recognise themselves.

Just always remember, make your self-concept positive.

MrsSugg xxx

The Stages of Memory

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Memory is the capacity by which the mind stores and remembers information. Memory is an important aspect of every day lives because without the recollection of the past, we can neither operate in the present nor think about the future. Things we remember from the past affect what we learn so therefore, without memory, we could not learn.

So how does memory work? There are three stages to the memory: encoding, storage and retrieval.

Encoding is when the information comes into our memory system from the sensory output. The brain will change this information into information that the system can store. It will be changed into either visual (a picture), acoustic (sound) or semantic (a meaning) information.

The brain will then decide where the information is stored, the duration which it is stored for, the capacity of information that can be stored and what type of information is held. The way we store information will later affect the way in which we achieve it. This is when the difference in short-term and long-term memory becomes apparent.

Short-term memory is retrieved sequentially which means that you will remember things in the order which they happened. Long-term memory is retrieved by association which means that objects or places will trigger the memories. If we can’t remember something, it is because we are unable to retrieve the information.

Memory experiments have shown that a simple way to improve your memory is organisation. It is thought, that if we organise things alphabetically, by size or by time, we are more likely to remember them because it is already pre-organised and easier for our brains interpret.

So next time you have something important to remember, either associate it with a place or organise it better!

MrsSugg xxx